The study of quality of life in patients with idiopathic scoliosis in distant postoperative period

Authors

  • Dmytro Petrenko
  • Maksim Dolyanickiy

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15674/0030-59872014465-69

Keywords:

ventral spinal fusion, posterior spinal fusion, idiopathic scoliosis, quality of life

Abstract

Spinal deformity is one of the demonstrating diseases on example of which one may trace how treatment changes the patients' quality of life. By the final outcome of the treatment either the surgeon or the patient should be happy. However, comparative studies of quality of life in patients after ventral and posterior corrective spinal fusion (VSF and PSF) are absent. Purpose: based on subjective evaluation to explore and to compare quality of life in patients with idiopathic scoliosis after VSF and PSF in distant postoperative period. Methods: 36 patients with idiopathic scoliosis selected for the study we divided into two groups (18 persons in each). In the first group curvature correction was performed using VSF, and in the second — PSF. The criteria for inclusion in the group was the type of idiopathic scoliosis Lenke 1A and 5C, age over 12 years, performing short segmental VSF or selective PSF, consent of patients for examination within two years after surgery. To assess the quality of life we used the adapted and translated into Ukrainian and Russian language SRS-30 questionnaire. Results: It was found that the best overall average rating in outcome of treatment were given by patients of group VSF comparing to patients from the group PSF. In patients after VSF it was determined better outcome in 5–15 % an average. Statistically reliable difference between the values was found in the sections of psychological state (p = 0.091), pain (p = 0.028) and satisfaction with the treatment (p = 0.027). The overall average survey of patients in the first group was better by approximately 13 % compared with the second one. Conclusions: The performance of VSF in patients with idiopathic scoliosis provides the best on 13 % subjective outcome in distant postoperative period comparing with patients whom PSF was used in.

References

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Use of the scoliosis research society outcomes instrument to evaluate patient outcome in untreated idiopathic scoliosis patients in Japan: part I: comparison with nonscoliosis group: preliminary/limited review in a Japanese population / K . Watanabe, K. Hasegawa, T. Hirano [et al.] // Spine. — 2005. — Vol. 30. — P. 1197–1201.

How to Cite

Petrenko, D., & Dolyanickiy, M. (2014). The study of quality of life in patients with idiopathic scoliosis in distant postoperative period. ORTHOPAEDICS, TRAUMATOLOGY and PROSTHETICS, (4), 65–69. https://doi.org/10.15674/0030-59872014465-69

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Section

ORIGINAL ARTICLES

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